Guide Insect Life History Patterns: Habitat and Geographic Variation

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Carranza, S. Chiari, Y. Phylogeography of Sardinian cave salamanders genus Hydromantes is mainly determined by geomorphology. Plos One 7 , e Cimmaruta, R. Spatial distribution and competition in two parapatric sibling species of European plethodontid salamanders. Broennimann, O.

Measuring ecological niche overlap from occurrence and spatial environmental data. Grandcolas, P. Mapping extrinsic traits such as extinction risks or modelled bioclimatic niches on phylogenies: does it make sense at all? McIntire, E. Beyond description: the active and effective way to infer processes from spatial patterns.

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Ecology 90 , 46—56 Niches and distributional areas: Concepts, methods, and assumptions. Godsoe, W. Oikos , 53—60 Gomulkiewicz, R.

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Osorio-Olvera, L. On the relationship between habitat suitability and population abundance under different dispersal scenarios. Pironon, S. Geographic variation in genetic and demographic performance: new insights from an old biogeographical paradigm. Environmental suitability models predict population density, performance and body condition for microendemic salamanders.

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Brambilla, M. Species distribution models as a tool to estimate reproductive parameters: a case study with a passerine bird species. Parapatric divergence of sympatric morphs in a salamander: incipient speciation on Long Island? Luetscher, M. Temperature distribution in karst systems: the role of air and water fluxes.

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Spatial segregation among age classes in cave salamanders: habitat selection or social interactions? Cave features, seasonality and subterranean distribution of non-obligate cave dwellers. Do cave features affect underground habitat exploitation by non-troglobite species? Acta Oecol. Spotila, J. Role of temperature and water in the ecology of lungless salamanders.

Ruggi, A. Descrizione di una zona di contatto e ibridazione tra Speleomantes italicus e S. Manenti, R. Distribution of spiders in cave twilight zone depends on microclimatic features and trophic supply. Morphologic and genetic studies of the European plethodontid salamanders: taxonomic inferences genus Hydromantes. Monografie XVI. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Pasmans, F. Fiacchini, D. Tecnostampa Edizioni, Vertebral numbers in the Caudata of the Western Palaeartic Amphibia. Trieste 54 , 3— Hijmans, R. High resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas.

Burnham, K. Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. Springer Verlag, MacKenzie, D. Occupancy estimation and modeling: inferring patterns and dynamics of species occurrence. Academic Press, Do cave salamanders occur randomly in cavities? An analysis with Hydromantes strinatii. Amphibia-Reptilia 33 , — Integrating detection probabilities in species distribution models of amphibians breeding in Mediterranean temporary ponds. Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: Quantitative approaches to niche evolution.

Quantitative metrics of overlaps in Grinnellian niches: advances and possible drawbacks. Do hybrid-origin polyploid amphibians occupy transgressive or intermediate ecological niches compared to their diploid ancestors? Beale, C. Regression analysis of spatial data. An evaluation of the robustness of global amphibian range maps.

Legendre, P. Numerical Ecology. Elsevier, Borcard, D. Numerical Ecology with R. Springer, Hardy, O. Assessing phylogenetic signal with measurement error: a comparison of Mantel tests, Blomberg et al. Pavoine, S. Life history traits, but not phylogeny, drive compositional patterns in a butterfly metacommunity. Ecology 95 , — Testing for phylogenetic signal in biological traits: the ubiquity of cross-product statistics. Prunier, J. Multicollinearity in spatial genetics: separating the wheat from the chaff using commonality analyses.

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Download references. We thank two anonymous reviewers for comments on an early version of this manusciript, and many speleologists for helping us during fieldwork. This study was funded by Univ. Conceived and designed the study: G. Performed the field work: G. Analysed the data: G. Prepared the figures: G. Correspondence to Gentile Francesco Ficetola.

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Subjects Biogeography Evolution Macroecology. Abstract The extent to which closely related species share similar niches remains highly debated. Figure 1. Full size image. Table 1 Caves and cave sectors sampled for the microhabitat analyses, and presence localities used for the bioclimatic analyses. Full size table. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Table 2 Relationships between the occurrence of eight species of salamanders in underground sectors and microhabitat features. Figure 5. Discussion Both microhabitat i. Methods Study system In summer, underground environments show a continuous microclimatic gradient: the superficial sectors have conditions similar to the outdoor ones light, high temperature, low humidity.

Ethics statement Samples were collected in accordance with regulations for the protection of terrestrial wild animals authorization by the Italian Ministry of the Environment, prot. Surveys and data collection To measure species distribution and habitat at fine spatial scale microhabitat we surveyed caves in Mediterranean Italy and France, widely covering the range of all European Hydromantes species Fig. Microhabitat preferences of species We used generalized linear mixed models GLMMs with binomial error to assess the within-cave relationships between each species and the features of cave sectors.

Niche overlap and equivalency among species We used an approach based on Principal Component Analyses of environmental variables PCA-env to perform multivariate comparisons of niche overlap between pairs of species following Relationships between microhabitat, bioclimatic niche and evolutionary history Genetic distance between species pairs was calculated on the basis of three mitochondrial 12S, 16S and cyt- b and two nuclear RAG-1 and BNDF genes, amplified by van der Meijden et al. References 1. Article PubMed Google Scholar 2. Article Google Scholar 3. Article Google Scholar 4.

Article PubMed Google Scholar 5. Article Google Scholar 6. Dingle ed. Schuchmann, K. Part II. Systematics and derivation of known and new Heliconiini Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae. Descimon ed. Ecole Normale Sup. Lewinsohn, G. Benson ed. Changing social patterns and irrelevant actions - Zoologica New York 42 4 , pp. Arid Envir. Elias ed. Satyridae at Brereton Heath, Chechire U. Cutler ed. Bawa, H. Hartshorn ed. Frederik Nijhout. The distribution pattern of some oribatid species - Appl.

Lepidoptera: Pieridae , on cultivated Cruciferae. Higher classification of the Nymphalidae. Color pattern of not sexually dimorphic group of Menelaides sensu Igarashi, and fuscus group Lepidoptera: Papilionidae. A laboratory and field condition comparison of life table parameters of Aphis gossypii Glover Hemiptera: Aphididae.

Behnaz Hosseini-Tabesh 1 ,. Ahad Sahragard 1 ,. Azadeh Karimi-Malati 1. Box , Iran. Life table studies are essential tools for understanding population dynamics. The life table parameters of Aphis gossypii Glover Hemiptera: Aphididae feeding on the host plant, Hibiscus syriacus L. The data were analysed using the age-stage, two-sex life table theory. The life table studies were started with 50 and 40 nymphs in laboratory and field conditions, respectively. Under laboratory conditions, A. When reared under field conditions, A. Nevertheless, there were no significant differences in the mean generation time T days between field and laboratory conditions.

In the present study, the results clearly showed that life table parameters of A. These results could help us to understand the A. The results could also help us make better management decisions for economically important crops. Afshari A. Demographic parameters of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Homoptera:Aphididae , population in cotton field of Gorgan. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 26 2 : 23— Aldyhim Y. Influence of temperature and day length on population development of Aphis gossypii on Cucumber pepo.

Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 67 2 : — Baniameri V. Status of IPM program in greenhouse vegetables in Iran. Blackman R. Aphids on the worlds crops: an identification and information guide, 2nd ed. Wiley, London, UK, pp. Capinera J. Handbook of Vegetable Pests. Carey J. Applied demography for biologists with special emphasis on insects. Carletto J. Ecological specialization of the aphid Aphis gossypii Glover on cultivated host plants.

Molecular Ecology 18 10 : — Chi H. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rate among individuals. Environmental Entomology 17 1 : 26— Timing of control based on the stage structure of pest population: a simulation approach. Journal of Economy Entomology 83 4 : — Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology.

Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology,Academia Sinica 24 2 : — Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Aphidius gifuensis Ashmead Hymenoptera: Braconidae and its host Myzus persicae Sulzer Homoptera: Aphididae with mathematical proof of the relationship between female fecundity and the net reproductive rate.


Environmental Entomology 35 1 : 10— Efron B. An introduction to the bootstrap. Engel R. Alternative prey and other food resources of the phytoseiid mite Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten.