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There would usually be bail conditions in place including him being prohibited from contacting you. In some cases the perpetrator will be remanded held in prison while the investigation takes place. If you do not know the perpetrator the police will try to find him. You may be asked to identify him from a selection of photos or video that also show other people who are not suspects.


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The investigation may include the police gathering CCTV and DNA evidence if it is still available, talking to friends or family that were aware of what happened or anyone you have spoken to about your experiences. They may also gather medical records and anything they feel is relevant. The police will also take your mobile phone to download any messages or contact that may be relevant. This process can take up to a year and it is important to have support in place to help you to sustain yourself through this process — waiting for decisions and updates can be tiring and frustrating and every survivor finds different ways to cope.

When the police have completed their investigation the detective in the case will write up a report and give it to a senior officer, it is here that the evidence is first tested. This senior officer will decide whether there is enough evidence for the case to go to the Crown Prosecution Service CPS or not. If this happens you can:. If the police think there is enough evidence for the case to be considered for trial they will send it to the Crown Prosecution Service CPS.

It is here that a specialist lawyer will decide whether the perpetrator will be charged with one or more offences and stand trial. The lawyer receives all the evidence collected by the police and has to ask him or herself two questions when making this decision. This is why the decisions have to be based on evidence because that is what the jury will see. If it is a serious offence it is usually in the public interest to bring cases to trial but this will only be considered if there is enough evidence.

If the CPS lawyer decides there is not enough evidence to charge and take the case to trial the police will give you a letter setting out the reasons why. You can:. If the lawyer decides to charge then you will be informed of this by the police and they will start organising a trial. In London it currently takes around a year between the CPS getting a case to make a decision and the trial to take place. Before the trial a Plea and Case Management hearing will take place at the crown court. You do not attend this, but the police and a prosecution barrister representing the case will be there, as well as the perpetrator and his defence barrister.

Rape Culture – Women's Center

He will be asked for his plea: guilty, not guilty or no plea. It is extremely rare for perpetrators to plead guilty. Also at this hearing the judge will check that everything is ready for the trial, if not he will ask to see the lawyers again at a later date. If you have requested special measures these will be raised at this hearing and be granted by the judge. Special measures include:. When you have the date for the trial it can be useful to arrange a pre-trial visit to the crown court you will be giving your evidence in. Your police officer or advocate can help you to arrange this.

Going to the court beforehand can help you to have more of a picture of what will happen and what a court room looks like. You will also be given the opportunity to watch your video statement again, or read your written statement, to refresh your memory. The trial will take place in front of a judge and a jury made up of 12 members of the public.

Rape and Sexual Assault

The judge is there to make sure the law is followed, that everyone is treated fairly and the settle any arguments between the prosecution and the defence. The police will let you know what time you need to be at court and you will be able to wait in the secure area before you give your evidence. There can be a lot of waiting around at court as the barristers and judge have their final legal arguments which are totally normal and happen in every trial.

If you have done a video statement the jury will be shown this before you go into the court room, you will then be called in to give further evidence. The defence barrister, representing the perpetrator, will be asking you questions that challenge your account of what happened. It is important to remember that you are telling the truth and you know what happened. It is incredibly brave to speak out about your experiences and you will be allowed to speak without being bullied or interrupted. When you have finished your evidence the judge will thank you for coming and you will be able to go home.

When the jury have heard all the evidence from the prosecution and defence, which usually takes a few days, the judge will sum up the prosecution and defence cases to the jury and send them out to a private room to make their decision. If they cannot all be certain of this then he will be found not guilty — this does not mean that they did not believe you but that there was not enough evidence for them to find him guilty. If he is found not guilty he will be able to leave court. The police officer you have been working with will let you know of any outcome and talk that through with you.

If he is found guilty and the judge does not believe he poses an immediate threat then he will go back on bail while reports are written about him and any previous history that would help the judge to decide what sentence to give him. The police will ask you to make a victim personal statement which is your chance to tell the judge how the sexual violence you have survived by the perpetrator has impacted on your life.

He asked her to marry him, which she also refused. Days later, she fled to neighboring Senegal.

Sometimes the women carried out official functions such as serving drinks, typing, and preparing meetings, but mostly they were on call to have sex with the president. The women accompanied him during his frequent long stays in his home village of Kanilai. Some travelled abroad with the president, were required to live near State House to be more accessible to Jammeh, were not allowed to leave without authorization, or were discouraged from having boyfriends.

She said that government officials put her on the payroll in the protocol department in , and Jammeh gave expensive gifts to her indigent parents. When she refused to have sex with him, Jammeh became angry and sent her away. She said Jammeh instructed his chief of protocol to bar her from going for her visa interview at the US Embassy and to terminate her contract at State House. He also rescinded his scholarship offer. The three women said she befriended them, phoned them, had them brought to State House, took them to Jammeh, and stayed with them and the president in his room before leaving them alone.

Jimbee Jammeh went to Equatorial Guinea with Jammeh. Five former officials said that he ordered them and others to get the phone numbers of women he identified. Officials working with Jammeh said that he also had sex with women soldiers assigned to his close protection and other civil servants working under him. Human Rights Watch and TRIAL also interviewed a fourth woman, Fatoumatta Sandeng, then a well-known band singer, who did not have direct contact with Jammeh, but said that in aides confined her in what she suspected to be a set-up for sexual abuse.

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Sandeng said she was ordered to come alone to see him in his hometown of Kanilai, barred from leaving her hotel there for three days, and finally released. The pageant was held in front of a live audience, including government ministers, media, family, and friends, and was broadcast live on national TV. He told us not to get married right away and become housewives. That was followed by an official meeting broadcast on state television with Jammeh and several ministers at which the contestants were all given money, a Mac computer and iPhones.

Jallow later realized her movements could be tracked by the phone. The women had to present a charitable project to the Ministry of Education for funding. Jallow said Jimbee Jammeh repeatedly called her to finish up the project, then invited Jallow to State House to go over the project. Once there, she met Jammeh privately for the first time, together with Jimbee, and talked comfortably with Jammeh while Jimbee lounged nearby. You deserve more, you are really awesome. Jallow said that one week later, Jimbee Jammeh visited her house.

Jallow said that Jimbee Jammeh also bought the family expensive furniture. The next time she met Jammeh privately, they had dinner with Jimbee Jammeh in his apartment. Jallow said that Jammeh told her she was beautiful and asked her if she ever thought of marriage. Jallow said she replied that she was only She said he told her that there was nothing wrong with getting married to a man who supported her and asked if she had a boyfriend.

I want to marry you. You are three times my age? Jallow reported that the next day, Jimbee Jammeh took her on a tour of villas, saying that the president was ready to give her a villa and a car. Who gets an opportunity like this? Jallow said that in June , Jimbee Jammeh told her that as queen, Jallow had to come to State House for a religious ceremony marking the start of Ramadan.

Jallow thought it would be with the other finalists, but Jimbee took her to a room where Jammeh soon appeared and later locked her in another room. And who do you think you are? You think you can get away with it? She screamed that she was dying. Days later, Jallow fled to Senegal.

After meeting with Amnesty International, Article 19, and various United Nations agencies, she obtained asylum in a third country, where she lives today. She said Jammeh promised her a scholarship, and gave her a new smartphone:. I was asked to sit beside him, when he started to rub my body. When I tried to stop him, he said to me remember that he was supporting my family and that he could end it any time.

Data Protection Choices

He gave Jimbee his foot and gave me his hands. We massaged for a while and Jimbee left us alone in the room then he started undressing me and saying that he was in love with me that he will do anything for me and my family that I should not tell anyone because if I do I will face the consequences. I felt I had no choice.

That day he slept with me without protection and this made me feel very uncomfortable. One month later, Jimbee asked me to move to State House. You did not have a life at State House. I was only allowed to go out with Jimbee or if the next day was a day off — and even then, I was only allowed to go and see my mother.

I was called in another time at night. Around 1 or 2 a. When I arrived, Jimbee was waiting for me. At one point, Jammeh came in and told me to follow him. He took me into a bedroom and I had to sleep with him. He [Jammeh] offered me a job at State House to be a protocol officer. He told me that I could choose a school abroad and that he would pay the scholarship for it. I wanted to go to a school in the US. Protocol girls would prepare meetings, when guests were there we would serve something to drink.

It was only when big events birthdays, celebrations were planned that we were really working typing letters and invitations. Whenever the president would go to Kanilai, the protocol girls would go with him. Sometimes we would stay there up to a month. So, while we were all gathered in a sitting room, or on the veranda, Jimbee goes into his room and then calls one girl to come into his private apartment.

The rest of us sat and waited. All the girls knew that when one girl was called in it was for sex. Some wanted it. They felt honored or wanted the money. My fingers were always crossed that he would not call me in. Sometimes he would call everybody inside and we watch TV.